Turkey - Turkish Geriatric Society (Observer Status)
Turkish Geriatric Society
Organization and Aims
Turkish Geriatrics Society which was founded in 2003 by experienced professors of medicine from the departments of various medical faculties, is a national, neutral, nonprofit organization and aims; to increase the standards in the field of geriatrics including education, health prevention and promotion, patient care and treatment, to promote and improve older people’s quality of life, to create or make contributions for the development of technical, scientific and social facilities and it also cooperates with any and all related institutions, organizations, foundations and societies in the national and international area for this purpose.
The members of the society are medical doctors from various specialties working in the field of elderly health. The Society is a representative of Turkey in the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics-IAGG since 2004. Importance of the contributions which “Turkish Geriatrics Society” aims to provide increases as the population structure changes in Turkey:
a- To promote and advance the knowledge in the process of human ageing.
b- To bring together clinicians, surgeons, researchers, residents and other health professionals who work in aspects related to elderly health.
c- To assess and validate the work of health and social organisations and institutions concerned with the care of older people.
d- To design and promote systems of integrated care and professional development in Geriatrics and Gerontology.
Training in Geriatric Medicine
According to the Turkish law, Geriatric Medicine is a division of the Internal Medicine Departments. According to the by-laws on the specialty, 3 years of geriatric medicine education is required after 4 years of internal medicine residency to become a geriatrician.
Official Scientific Journal
The official scientific journal of Turkish Geriatrics Society is "Turkish Journal of Geriatrics", which is indexed in: Science Citation Index Expanded , Social Science Citation Index, Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition, Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition, Index Copernicus Master List, EMBASE, SCOPUS, ELSEVIER, EBSCO and "Turkish Medical Index" of Turkish Academic Network and Information Center in The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK-ULAKBİM), Turk Medline and Turkey Citation Index.
Turkish Journal of Geriatrics is an open access journal with both on line and printed versions. It is a peer review journal with a wide list of international and national reviewers. Language of the journal is English (www.geriatri.dergisi.org). In order to support scientific researches on geriatric population “Best Research in Geriatrics” competitions are organized by the editorial board of the journal every two year since 1999.
1. Congresses of Elderly Health: “Geriatrics 2006 Congress (supported by EUGMS, IAGG and INIA)”, and “Geriatrics 2008 Congress (supported by IAGG and INIA)”.
2. Courses: The society organizes “Geriatrics and Gerontology Certificate Courses” since 2006, in collaboration with International Institute on Ageing-INIA, Hacettepe University Research Center of Geriatrics Sciences-GEBAM. The 4th course was performed in Dec, 2013 and these courses are in the agenda of the society’ future activities.
- Scientific Organizations: The society organizes symposiums, congresses, courses and seminars for medical doctors, nurses and other medical professionals in collaboration with several universities medical schools, chamber of medical doctors and other national scientific societies in different cities of the country.
- Public Education Programs: The society organizes education programs and conferences and distributes books free of charge to increase the public awareness about “Healthy Aging” in different parts of the country. “National Elderly Week” in every March and “International Elderly Day” in every 1st of October are selected for such public education organizations in collaboration basically with the non-governmental organizations. Also in order to increase the awareness of public about “successful aging” and to support the photographers, several competitions and photograph exhibitions are organized by the society.
Preventive Medicine in Geriatrics, Quality of Life in Elderly, Rationale Drug use in Elderly, Scientific Researches on Elderly, Pain in elderly, Geriatric Rehabilitation, Geriatric Nursing, Home Care, Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis, Falls and Fractures, Frailty and Sarcopenia, Dementia and Depression, Nutrition of Elderly, Ethics and Geriatrics.
Overview on Geriatrics in Turkey
In almost every country in the European Region of the World Health Organization (WHO), populations are ageing. By 2014, the percentage of the elderly citizens is about %7.7 of the total population in Turkey. Life expectancy at birth has reached to over 70 years of age for both sexes. At this point, health care systems need to shift towards the geriatric care, the prevention and management of chronic diseases, rehabilitation procedures and more formal long-term care. Currently, elderly people utilize health care systems at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Although this system works for the ones who are covered by a social security system, there are still a number of aged people without any health insurance.
As the WHO declares, healthy and active older people represent a resource for their families, communities, and economies. However, the urbanization of the population, changes in the health systems, demographic shift are some of the challenging issues for aged population. Today, 74% of the total Turkish population is living in urban settings which is just the opposite of the population structure in 1960s. Care of elderly people in either their home settings or residential houses need money, manpower and strong and collaborative administrative structures.
Community based primary health care for elderly is crucial to prevent disease, promote health, prevent disease and manage chronic illnesses in frail individuals. Governmental services have crucial role in this organization and delivery of geriatrics services should be provided within the routine healthcare system. However, for the last decades, private sector’s role has started to increase in Turkey which deepens the inequalities between the aged citizens in practice. Besides, problem of continuity and monitoring of the services from the scientific and ethical aspect can be arisen. It is recommended that, health professionals should be trained on geriatrics at each level of care and the referral system (primary, secondary, and tertiary levels) and several education programs are being organized by governmental and non governmental bodies like Turkish Geriatrics Society in recent years.
Evidence based practices contribute to the development of geriatric and gerontological sciences as well as their facilitating role in providing services to the elderly individuals. The number and the content of the researches in geriatric and gerontological sciences have gained considerable momentum lately as the number of scientists working on these fields are increased. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics played a considerable pioneer role in this field.
Medical (prevention, pre-clinic, clinical and surgical), rehabilitational and non-medical studies (like sociological, psychological, nutritional, biological and economical) separately or collaboratively, are being conducted to determine the problems, to find solutions, and to transform the solutions into practice in our country. Preventive programmes are being organized by the public health departments and being conducted by the ministry of health.
Geriatrics Medicine and clinical gerontology are taught at university undergraduate courses in Turkey. Medical and social sciences are contributing the content of the programs in these institutions.
Turkish Geriatrics Society’s vision is; there is a need for the multidisciplinary institutionalization of the geriatric medicine and the interdisciplinary approach to the effective prevention and treatment of elderly patients. Geriatrics medicine and clinical gerontology are multidisciplinary issues and each medical discipline should contribute to this discipline with its own perspective.
Turkish Geriatrics Society’s mission is; promoting scientific researches and organizing pre and post graduate education programmes for continuous medical education at both national and international levels.
Board of Directors
Prof. Yesim GOKÇE-KUTSAL, M.D., President
Prof. Selcuk BOLUKBASI, M.D., Vice President
Prof. Dilek ASLAN, M.D., Gen. Secretary
Assistant Prof. Tolga Resad AYDOS, M.D., Treasurer
Specialist Osman ORSEL, M.D.
Instructor Meltem SENGELEN, M.D.,
Assistant Prof. Munir Demir BAJIN, M.D.
Turk Geriatri Derneği Mebusevleri Mah. Ergin Sokak No: 7 / 1 Çankaya-Ankara-TURKEY
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